HIV-Related Stigma and Knowledge in the U.S., 1991-1999

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2. Support for mandatory testing remains strong


In 1997, substantial majorities supported mandatory testing for pregnant women (83%), people considered to be at high risk for AIDS (74%), and immigrants (78%).

By 1999, support for mandatory testing of high risk individuals had dropped significantly to 64%, and support for testing immigrants declined to 74%. Support for testing pregnant women remained substantially unchanged.


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Item Wording

  1. Pregnant women: Women who are pregnant should be required to be tested for the AIDS virus in order to protect the health of their unborn baby.

  2. People at risk: People at risk for getting AIDS should be required to be tested regularly for the AIDS virus.

  3. Immigrants: People from other countries who want to live in the United States should first be required to have an AIDS test to prove they are not infected with the AIDS virus.

Graphic shows the proportion responding "somewhat agree" or "strongly agree."


From: Herek, G. M., Capitanio, J. P., & Widaman, K. F. (2002). HIV-related stigma and knowledge in the United States: Prevalence and trends, 1991-1999. American Journal of Public Health, 92(3).
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