HIV-Related Stigma and Knowledge in the U.S., 1991-1999

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1. Support for extremely punitive policies declined over the 1990s


In 1991, about one third (34%) of the public supported quarantine, and nearly as many (29%) believed that the names of people with AIDS should be made public. In 1997, by contrast, about 1 respondent in 6 endorsed policies of quarantine, and fewer than 1 in 5 supported public disclosure of the names of PWAs. By 1999, the proportions were lower still.

The odds of a respondent supporting quarantine declined by approximately 15% annually between 1991 and 1999. The odds of supporting public identification of PWAs declined by an average of 9% annually.

  Next slide Conclusions  

Item Wording

  1. Quarantine: "People with AIDS should be legally separated from others to protect the public health."
  2. Public Labeling: "The names of people with AIDS should be made public so that others can avoid them."

Graphic shows the proportion responding "somewhat agree" or "strongly agree."


From: Herek, G. M., Capitanio, J. P., & Widaman, K. F. (2002). HIV-related stigma and knowledge in the United States: Prevalence and trends, 1991-1999. American Journal of Public Health, 92(3).
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